If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. He certified the results reported by marshals and assistants in the original 13 States plus the districts of Kentucky, Maine, Vermont, and the Southwest Territory (Tennessee). Learn how your comment data is processed. Number of free white males ages 16 years and older, including heads of families. I FEEL THAT BOTH ANCESTRY AND FAMILY SEARCH SHOULD REFUND ANY DNA TESTS THAT WERE DONE ON EASTERN EUROPE PEOPLE BUT THAT WILL NEVER HAPPEN. Number of persons in the dwelling house. When you reach out to him or her, you will need … The search results will show you information that has been extracted from the record (such as names and locations), and you can also see the actual images of the census records. View a map of the 14 states of the 1790 census and see the questions asked. People wouldn’t send it back in fear of being deported, so it would be even more unreliable. Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes: 1900-1940. We looked at every question on every census from 1790 to 2020. Can you suggest the next move to find the country they or their parents or grandparents arrived from please? Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the … If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. In fact, one of the nation's founders, James Madison, suggested that the census takers ask additional questions that would help … Finding your ancestor in the 1790 census can put you on the path to important discoveries about your family! In 1880 for instance, the Census asked 26 questions about everything from marital status to literacy. Census Enumeration of Pueblo Indians, 1790-1939 Spanish and Mexican Census Records. The original 1790 census questions were a window into another time. The census also asked the occupation of males over t… While it does not provide names, or exact ages, the 1790 census does provide an idea of the composition of each family. Number of other free persons. Census takers for the 1790 census actually created their own forms, following instructions from Congress. Early versions of the U.S. Census were pretty basic in that they included few questions. Find your ancestors in the first US census. Researchers who have identified a slave holder of a possible ancestor should then consult probate or tax records for possible further identity of specific individuals. Number of free White females. All persons in the U.S. age 18 years and older are legally obligated to answer census questions, and to do so truthfully (Title 13 of the United States Code). Best wishes, of 16 years and upward. The 1790 census has the following information about each household a census taker visited: 1790 census records will also have a location written somewhere on the page to indicate where that census was taken. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214. Enumeration. You are correct and this website is incorrect. Alyson. The 1850 census form called for the number of the dwelling house and family in order of visitation; each person's name, age, sex, and color; the territory or country of his or her birth; whether the person attended school or was married within the year; whether the person could read or write if over age twenty; whether the person was deaf-mute, blind, insane, or 'idiotic'; whether or not the person was a fugitive from the state; and real estate value of the dwelling house. The six inquiries in 1790 called for the name of the head of the family and the number of persons in each household of the following descriptions: Free White males of 16 years and upward (to assess the country's industrial and military potential) Free White males under 16 … 1930 Census Questions. (Schedules are the sheets filled out by the census taker and have the names and information about persons). Learn about the 1790 U.S. census records. Number of free white females, including heads of families. Congress assigned the duties of the enumeration to the marshals of US judicial districts. Over the years, Congress has authorized additional questions, enabling us to better understand the nation's inhabitants and their activities and needs. Thank you for any input/ suggestions/advice. Your email address will not be published. As required by the United States Constitution, the U.S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790.The 2010 United States census was the previous census completed. Additionally, this was the first year that the census distinguished between different East Asian races. The census location and head of household name can help you identify your family on a 1790 census record and give you clues about where the family lived. The census forms should still contain the same basic information, but you might find some records with information beyond what was required by Congress. The 1790 census asked five questions: the number of free white males over 16 years old, free white males under 16, free white females, other, and number of slaves. Less handwritten notations increase legibility overall. Only a fool would trust one unless they had extremely strong evidence that’s it’s true. This would clearly be a transcript of the original record taken in household order. The census nowadays, if they end up adding the question about citizenship, would be unfair. It’s unreliable and you would have to have a lot of information to prove it accurate. How to find your family in the 1790 U.S. census. Your email address will not be published. . A: 1790 B: 1820 Question 2 of 8 . They asked for the name of the head of the household and just headcounts for everyone else. The 1790 census provides clues to our ancestor’s family and neighborhood. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In it you can find the number of members of the family, their approximate age, and their sex. 1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The 1990 census must count every person at his or her "usual residence." 1790 Census Questions Asked. Each marshal and/or their assistant was responsible for copying and posting the census in two public places in their assigned areas. The marshals then incorporated these inquiries into “schedules” of their own design. 1790 to 1840. The 1790 census instructed the marshals to identify, by age brackets, free white males sixteen years of age or older and those under sixteen. I WAS SHOCKED TO FIND OUT THAT THE RESULTS WERE FALSE BECAUSE THE DNA CANNOT BE TESTED IN POLAND WHERE MY ENTIRE FAMILY ALL SIDES COME FROM SINCE WAY BACK IN THE 1700. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. ((The census for the following states were burned during the War of 1812: Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia. © 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. This is an absurd way to count the people in our country. Census results are used by members of public and private groups-including community organizations-and by businesses and industries, as well as by agencies at all levels of government. The 1790 US federal census was the first one taken by the United States. As a result census returns may vary, and sometimes give more … In 1790, the census also categorized white males by age: those under age 16 and those age 16 and older. The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. Number of Free White Females. A: 5 B: 13. This was designed to determine the country's industrial and military capabilities. Quick Links to Questions from Population Schedules of other U.S. Census Years 1790 • 1800 • 1810 • 1820 • 1830 • 1840 • 1850 • 1860 1870 • 1880 • 1890 • 1900 • 1910 • 1920 • 1930 • 1940. It is a unique and valuable genealogical research … Name of the head of the household or the head of the family. But they are great clues to your family and can be used as steppingstones to further information. Across the top of the sheet were several organizational questions: Number of dwelling house in the order of visitation by enumerator. Because of this variability, individual 1790 census forms may look slightly different from one another. 1790. 1820 Census Questions. The questions—over 600 in total—tell us a lot about the country’s priorities, norms, and biases in each decade. Required fields are marked *. The State also took electoral censuses (see p, 22) in 1790, 1795, 1801, 1807, 1814 and 1821. An alternate title for the volumes is: Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790. Your email address will not be published. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window). .” and that “the aggregate amount of each description of persons” for every district be transmitted to the President. Number of all other free persons in the household (. Take everything with a grain of salt–not as the absolute truth. The graphic under the heading “1790 Census Record at a Glance” is incorrect: it reverses the labels on the first two columns. Genealogists throughout the world will be happy to know that marshals utilized a uniform, printed schedule when tallying the 1830 U.S. census. Use this quick guide to help you find your early U.S. ancestors in the census and learn a little more about them. 1790 FEDERAL CENSUS MICROFILM SERIES STATE TOWN/TOWNSHIP P.O. Sharon is a retired IT executive and enjoys keeping up with and writing about advancements in genealogy-related technology. She and her husband live in Virginia. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The arrangement of families on a census schedule was normally in the order in which the census taker visited the households. 1790 is the only census where the “Schedules” were transcribed and printed. Although the handwriting might seem hard to decipher at first, 1790 census forms are simple and can be very easy to navigate. The 1790 census provides the earliest look at our ancestors in the census records. I HAD MY DNA TESTED ON ANCESTRY AND ON BOTH FAMILY TREE DNA KITS. Is there any chance that this original household order record could have been saved? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. https://www.archives.gov/research/census/microfilm-catalog/1790-1890/part-02 The following information, in addition to the name of the head of the household, was recorded by the census taker: Free white males 16+ Free white males under 16; Free white females; Other free persons (including Indians who were taxed) Slaves ; Information on Federal census records 1790-2000 from the National … Census questions, geographic areas, and citations to and detailed contents of census publications for each of the first eleven (1790-1890) censuses. State censuses were taken at ten-year intervals from 1825 through 1875 and again in 1892, 1905, 1915 and 1925. The hope was that those who viewed them while they were posted, would check for accuracies or omissions. A… This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Federal censuses of New York State have been taken decennially since 1790. There are 2 exact matches to my family name along with addresses in the 1790 census data. How many states were counted in the first census? The Harward family line was one of the first family lines I traced back as a new genealogist. To learn more about searching the census, read “How to Find Families in the 1790 Census” on the FamilySearch blog. Neither paper nor form was ever supplied to these marshals, and this accounts for the differences in the copies of the available census. 1790 Census Population Results As Secretary of State in 1790, Thomas Jefferson was chief administrator of the first census. ALL my family was still in Germany in 1790…….only came in late 1800’s. Number of families in the dwelling house. They depict an evolving country: a modernizing economy, a diversifying population, an imperfect but expanding set of civil and human rights, and a growing list of armed conflicts in its memory. All types of vital and census records are flawed; it’s the nature of the beast. The 1790 census covered the following states: Schedules for some counties are missing in states that remain extant. I believe the tagged image on how to read the 1790 census has interchanged the number of free white males over 16 with the free white males under 16. Looking at an image, you can find your ancestor’s name, how many people were in the household, and what the makeup of the household was (male or female, old or young, slave or free). Name of Head of Household (First / Last) Number of Free White Males of Sixteen Years and upwards. On 2 August 1790, shortly after the inauguration of President Washington, the first enumeration commenced. Questions pertaining to the household number of children and country or origin didn't come until later census years. It was a brand new country at the time, and this census, though brief and simple, shows what the population of the nation looked like right after its formation. Attempts have been made to reconstruct these census.)) Number of Slaves. By using other resources, such as vital records, wills, and land records you can establish further details on each person in the household, and compile further information like their exact name, birth, … Hi, i ‘m from Australia. Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990 (Washington, 1989), 20–21; Edward Jarvis, William Brigham, and J. Wingate Thornton, Memorial of the American Statistical Association Praying the Adoption of Measures for the Correction of Errors in the Returns of the Sixth Census. It is presumed that the Secretary of State (Thomas Jefferson), acting under the authority of the President (George Washington), sent the marshals within each state, copies of the census act, and the required inquiries. The first census count was conducted in 1790. Explore the 1790 census. The law required that every household be visited and that completed census schedules be posted in “two of the most public places within [each jurisdiction], there to remain for the inspection of all concerned . Suzanne Schulze. Examples of different 1790 census records: On FamilySearch.org, you can search the 1790 United States census for free. Number of all other Free persons. 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